The Framework of Historical Oppression, Resilience, & Transcendence (FHORT)
The FHORT was developed with Indigenous communities to understand how contextually and culturally relevant risk and protective factors across societal, community, cultural, family, relational, and individual levels interact to explain, illuminate, and predict wellness or well-being across mental, physical, relational, spiritual, and emotional realms. Developed with a decade of research, the FHORT characterizes well-being (harmony across physical, social, psychological, and spiritual domains) as balance across interrelated ecological risk and protective factors . According to this framework, oppression takes the form of socio-structural forms of dehumanization that impose restrictive roles onto those who are oppressed (Burnette & Figley, 2017). Historical oppression is societal-level risk factor (Burnette & Figley, 2017), defined as “the chronic, pervasive, and intergenerational experiences of oppression that, over time, may be normalized, imposed, and internalized into the daily lives of many Indigenous people” (p. 38). Although Indigenous people resist, are resilient, and even transcend oppression, the structural factors that perpetuate gender inequity cannot be ignored (Burnette &Figley, 2017). Check out research related to the FHORT!