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Violence Against Women &
Historical Oppression

Historical oppression is a risk factor for Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) for Indigenous women. Patriarchal colonialism and its ongoing legacy have created a context for high rates of violence. Read below to find out more about the intersection of historical oppression and violence against women.

Jock, B. W. I., Dana-Sacco, G., Arscott, J., Bagwell-Gray, M. E., Loerzel, E., Brockie, T., Packard, G., O’Keefe, V. M., McKinley, C. E., & Campbell, J. (2022). “We’ve Already Endured the Trauma, Who is Going to Either End that Cycle or Continue to Feed It?”: The Influence of Family and Legal Systems on Native American Women’s Intimate Partner Violence Experiences. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(21-22).

Social & Structural Determinants
of IPV Experiences

McKinley, C. E. & Liddell, J. L. (2022). “Why I stayed in that relationship”: Barriers to Indigenous women’s ability to leave violent relationships. Violence Against Women, 28(14), 3352-3374.

Barriers to Leaving Violence

McKinley, C. E. (2022). “It just took something from me”: A mixed-methods examination of intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration among U.S. Indigenous Peoples. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 14(1), 1-10. PMC9150016

Surviving Violence & Perpetrating

McKinley, C. E. & Knipp, H. (2021). “You can get away with anything here… No justice at all”— Sexual violence against U.S. Indigenous females and its consequences. Gender Issues, 39(3), 291-319. PMC9484449

Sexual Violence & Its

Burnette, C. E. & Renner, L. M. (2017). A pattern of cumulative disadvantage: Risk factors for violence across Indigenous women’s lives. British Journal of Social Work, 47(4), 1166-1185.

Risk Factors for Violence

Roh, S., Burnette, C. E., Lee, K. H., Lee, Y. S., Easton, S. D. (2016). Intimate partner violence, social support, and depressive symptoms among American Indian Older Adults. The Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 59(4), 316-331.

IPV Among Native Older Adults

Burnette, C. E. (2015). Historical oppression and intimate partner violence experienced by Indigenous women in the United States: Understanding connections. Social Services Review, 89(3), 531-563.

Historical Oppression and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Burnette, C. E. (2015). Disentangling Indigenous women’s experiences with intimate partner violence in the United States. Critical Social Work, 16(1), 1-20.

Indigenous Women's Experiences with IPV

Burnette, C. E. (2015).  From the Ground Up: Indigenous women’s after violence experiences with the formal service system in the United States. The British Journal of Social Work, 45(5), 1526-1545.

IPV and Experiences with the Formal Service System

Burnette, C. E., & Cannon, C. (2014). “It will always continue unless we can change something”: Consequences of intimate partner violence for Indigenous women, children, and families. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5(1), 1-8.

Consequences of IPV 

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