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Violence Against Women &
Historical Oppression

Historical oppression is a risk factor for Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) for Indigenous women. Patriarchal colonialism and its ongoing legacy have created a context for high rates of violence. Read below to find out more about the intersection of historical oppression and violence against women.

Jock, B. W., Dana-Sacco, G., Arscott, J., Bagwell-Gray, M. E., *Loerzel, E., Brockie, T., Packard, G., O’Keefe, V. M., McKinley, C. E., & Campbell, J. (2022). “We’ve Already Endured the Trauma, Who is Going to Either End that Cycle or Continue to Feed It?”: The Influence of Family and Legal Systems on Native American Women’s Intimate Partner Violence Experiences. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance online publication.

Social & Structural Determinants
of IPV Experiences

McKinley, C. E. & Liddell, J. (2022). “Why I stayed in that relationship”: Barriers to Indigenous women’s ability to leave violent relationships. Violence Against Women. (First published online July 7, 2022).

Barriers to Leaving Violence

McKinley, C. E. & Knipp, H. (2021). “You can get away with anything here… No justice at all”— Sexual violence against U.S. Indigenous females and its consequences. Gender Issues. (Advanced online publication). PMC9484449

Sexual Violence & Its

McKinley, C. E. (2021). “It just took something from me”: A mixed-methods examination of intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration among U.S. Indigenous Peoples. Psychological Trauma, 14(1), 1-10. Advance online publication. PMC9150016

Surviving Violence & Perpetrating

Burnette, C. E. & Renner, L. (2017). A pattern of cumulative disadvantage: Risk factors for violence across Indigenous women’s lives. British Journal of Social Work, 47(4), 1166-1185.

Risk Factors for Violence

Burnette, C. E. (2015). Historical oppression and intimate partner violence experienced by Indigenous women in the U.S.: Understanding connections. Social Services Review, 89(3), 531-563.

Historical Oppression and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Burnette, C. E.  (2015). Disentangling Indigenous women’s experiences with intimate partner violence in the United States. Critical Social work, 16(1), 1-20.

Indigenous Women's Experiences with IPV

Burnette, C. E. (2015).  From the ground up: Indigenous women’s after violence experiences with the formal service system in the United States. British Journal of Social Work, 45(5), 1526-1545.

IPV and Experiences with the Formal Service System

Burnette, C. E., & Cannon, C. (2014). “It will always continue unless we can change something”: Consequences of intimate partner violence for Indigenous women, children, and families. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5(1), 1-8.

Consequences of IPV 

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